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History

The Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona was founded on the 18th of January of 1764 as a private literary society under the name of Experimental Physico-Mathematical Conference. By virtue of the Royal Charter of the 17th of December of 1765, it became the Royal Physics Conference, a public consulting body for the king on matters relating to the Principality of Catalonia. By the Royal Charter of the 14th of October of 1770 it changed its name to Royal Academy of Natural Sciences and Arts of Barcelona until the Royal Order of the 7th of December of 1887 gave it its current name of Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona.

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Academy Home

The Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona has its central site in Barcelona, in No. 115 of the Rambla (postcode 08002), on the land it received as a permanent Royal Grant on the 29th of September of 1786, in the building inaugurated in 1894 and designed by the architect and academician Josep Domenech i Estapa. Among the properties of the Academy is the Fabra Observatory, also designed by Domenech i Estapa, located in the Tibidabo (camí de l’Observatori s/n, 08035 Barcelona) and built thanks to a legacy of Camil Fabra i Fontanills, Marquis of Alella. It was inaugurated on the 7th of April of 1904 and declared to be of public interest by the Royal Order of the 2nd of May of 1916. The rest of the properties of the Academy are the Library, the Archive, the art collection and the old instrument collection, the clock collection, the astronomical, meteorological and seismological functional equipment, the historical collection of astronomical, meteorological and seismological instrumentation and observations. The seismological detection station of Fontmartina, in the Montseny, on land property of the Provincial Council of Barcelona, and the astronomical observation station in the Montsec mountain are also part of the inheritance of the Academy.

The Archive and the Library contain a documentary collection of high historical value of nearly three centuries. The Library, with more than a hundred thousand volumes, is one of the most important libraries in Spain in relation to the science of the second half of the 18th century.